Tuesday, July 5, 2022





The following item was sent to me by friend John P, thanks John . . .


I know I shouldn’t have done this but,

I am 83 years old and I was in the McDonald’s drive-through this morning and the young lady behind me leaned on her horn and started mouthing something because I was taking too long to place my order.

So when I got to the first window I paid for her order along with my own.

The cashier must have told her what I'd done, because as we moved up she leaned out her window and waved to me and mouthed "Thank you.", obviously embarrassed that I had repaid her rudeness with kindness.

When I got to the second window I showed them both receipts and took her food too.

Now she has to go back to the end of the queue and start all over again,

Don't blow your horn at old people, they have been around a long time.


I have become aware that this story has been published on various sites and that it generally engenders various outlooks and points of view:

1. The 83 year old was justified in repaying the initial rudeness and lack of courtesy.

2. It is better to repay rudeness with kindness.

3. The taking of the food perpetuates rudeness and unkindness – as Gandhi put it, an eye for an eye makes the whole world blind.

4. Two wrongs don’t make a right.

Back to you to consider.


I will, however, re-post a Burgher King revenge story that does not necessarily have any similar questionable morality issues . . .


ACTIONS can speak louder than words.

A man was in a queue at a Burger King fast food restaurant in the US, when a mother and child lined up behind him.

“I hadn’t had the greatest of days and I had a headache coming on. It was a very long line and I was at the end of it, waiting patiently, when behind me comes this woman yapping on her cellphone with a little monster of a child. This kid was out of control, screaming, punching his mother throwing around a Gameboy whenever something didn’t go right in the game,” the man posted on reddit.

The mother allegedly did not pay the boy any attention as his tantrum got worse, yelling out: “I want a fucking pie”.

“After about 5 minutes of the line with these people behind me, I had gone from a headache to a full on migraine, but nothing was going to stop me from getting those burgers. I calmly turn and ask her nicely if she can please calm or quiet her child down. Immediately she gets up in my face telling me I can’t tell her nothing about raising her child and to mind my own business,” the man continued.

With his head pounding the man decided he could tell the woman something about raising her child and teach them a lesson.

“I then decide to ruin their day. I order every pie they have left in addition to my burgers,” the man continued.

“Turned out to be 23 pies in total, I take my order and walk towards the exit.

Moments later I hear the woman yelling "What do you mean you don’t have any pies left, who bought them all?”

The man concludes: “I turn around and see the cashier pointing me out with the woman shooting me a death glare. I stand there and pull out a pie and slowly start eating as I stare back at her. She starts running towards me but can’t get to me because of other line-ups in the food court. I turn and slowly walk away.”


Monday, July 4, 2022




For you, Ron, Barb, Joe and Acacia . . .

July 4th is America's most patriotic holiday, here are interesting items about that date and day . . .

John Adams predicted that Independence Day would be a huge celebration for many generations to come. In a letter he wrote to his wife, Abigail Adams, he declared that the day should be filled with games, sports, parades, and laughter.

Independence Day was once celebrated on July 5th. The holiday fell on a Sunday in 1779, so Americans celebrated on Monday, the fifth of July.

Three U.S. presidents have died on the 4th of July. James Monroe, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson all died on the patriotic day. (Adams and Jefferson passed in 1826, and Monroe passed five years later in 1831.)

There are some copies of the Declaration of Independence with a woman’s signature on it. Mary Katharine Goddard wasn't one of the official signers in 1776, but the printer and publisher added her name to the Declaration of Independence after she was hired by Congress to print copies.

The 50th star was added to the American flag on July 4, 1960. It symbolized Hawaii's admission as the U.S.'s 50th state.

John Adams thought Independence Day should be celebrated on July 2. He had a point, given that the Continental Congress did declare its freedom from Great Britain on July 2, 1776. However, an official document explaining this move to the public wasn't published until two days later, on July 4, 1776.

Americans consume about 150 million on July 4th. According to the National Hot Dog and Sausage Council, Los Angeles residents alone consume about 30 million pounds of hot dogs on July 4th. A holiday favorite!

The Nathan's Famous 4th of July hot dog eating contest began over a century ago. According to the company itself, the first unofficial contest took place on July 4th, 1916. The contest, which began with four immigrants competing to determine who was the most patriotic, ended up becoming one of the most widely known July 4th traditions in America.

Only two men signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4th, 1776, John Hancock and Charles Thompson. The rest of the delegates signed within the weeks that followed.

There are approximately 16,000 Independence Day fireworks displays that take place each year. According to History.com, the custom dates back to 1777.

Americans spend over $1 billion on fireworks every 4th of July.

July 4th wasn't an official holiday until almost 100 years after the Declaration of Independence was signed. It wasn't common to celebrate this patriotic event for the first few decades of America's independence. When it was established as an official holiday in 1870, it became one of the most popular nonreligious celebrations in the United States.

There were only about 2.5 million people living in the United States in 1776. That number is drastically different from the approximately 332 million people that live in the US today.

Hospitals receive a surplus of patients on July 4th due to fireworks-related injuries. In 2020, an estimated 15,600 people were hospitalized with injuries related to fireworks. Learning proper firework handling protocol can help prevent these mishaps.

The US national anthem wasn't 'The Star-Spangled Banner' until 1931. It took 117 years for the words written in 1814 by Francis Key Scott to gain federal recognition.

The One World Trade Center (which replaced the Twin Towers) in New York was designed to be 1,776 feet tall. Its height represents the year America declared independence from Great Britain.

The Liberty Bell hasn't been rung since 1846. Every year on July 4, children who are descendants of the Declaration signers tap the Liberty Bell 13 times. It's a sentimental tradition to help honour the original 13 colonies. The last time the bell rang was on Washington's birthday in February 1846, when a major crack appeared on the bell.

The first newspaper to print the Declaration of Independence was the Pennsylvania Evening Post in the paper's Saturday issue, on July 6, 1776. It was soon published in other newspapers throughout the colonies, with even a German translation of it printed in the Pennsylvanischer Staatsbote, which was a newspaper that catered to Pennsylvania's large German population.

George Washington celebrated the 4th of July in 1778 even though he was at war, treating U.S. soldiers to a double ration of rum and a cannon salute.

It was once considered disrespectful to keep your business open on the 4th of July. Before the Civil War, people who kept their businesses open during the holiday were deemed unpatriotic. However, it became more acceptable after the war when storeowners started holding "patriotic" Fourth of July sales.

It's a tradition in New England to eat salmon and peas on the 4th of July, a tradition dating back centuries. Many swear by the recipe, and have made it a staple for the American holiday.

There are other countries that celebrate America's independence on the Fourth of July.

Countries like Denmark, England, Norway, Portugal, and Sweden all take part in hosting commemorations for the holiday. This is in part to honour their many citizens who emigrated to the U.S., but also as a move to attract tourists.

There is one U.S. president who was born on the 4th of July. America's 30th president, Calvin Coolidge, was born on July 4, 1872.

A time capsule was buried by Paul Revere and Sam Adams on July 4, 1795 under the Massachusetts State House in Boston. It was discovered more than two centuries later by workers fixing a leak. When state officials opened it, they discovered a pine tree shilling coin, a copper medal engraved with an image of George Washington, several newspapers, and a silver plate thought to be engraved by Paul Revere.

There are 31 towns in the U.S. that contain the word 'liberty.' The largest town is Liberty, Missouri, with a population of 32,865.

(Ron, Barb, Joe and Acacia live in Kansas City, Missouri).

Sunday, July 3, 2022





Arnold Schwarzenegger's famous line, "I'll be back" in Terminator was originally scripted as "I'll come back."


In a session of the Academy of Sciences of the (former) USSR, the agronomist Lysenko, founder of “Creative Darwinism,” gave a talk on the inheritance of acquired traits.

When he finished his report, Lev Landau, who was in attendance, asked, “So, you argue that if we will cut off the ear of a cow, and the ear of its offspring, and so on, sooner or later the earless cows will start to be born?”

Lysenko replied, “Yes, that’s right.”

“Then,” started Landau, “how you explain the virgins still being born?”

Lev Landau


President John F Kennedy once told that during an election campaign his father sent him the following telegram: “Don’t buy a single vote more than necessary. I’ll be damned if I’m going to pay for a landslide.”


Another item about JFK . . .

In 1962, when Kennedy was President, he arranged a White House dinner for a group of intellectuals, most of them Nobel Prize winners in their respective fields.

He welcomed them with a short speech, during which he said, “There has never been such a collection of talent and intellect gathered in this room since Thomas Jefferson dined here alone.”


Secretary of State William H Seward visited the White House and found President Lincoln blacking his own shoes.

“Mr. President,” said the Secretary of State, “in Washington, we do not black our own shoes.”

Lincoln looked up and said “Well, Mr. Secretary, whose shoes do you black?”


During the beginning of filming Alfred Hitchcock's drama film 'Lifeboat', actress Mary Anderson asked Hitchcock, "What is my best side Mr Hitchcock?"

Hitchcock dryly responded, "You're sitting on it, my dear."

Mary Anderson, at rear


Bette Midler on Princess Anne:

“She loves nature, in spite of what it did to her.”


One day in 1978, President Jimmy Carter attended a service at the Chapel of the Transfiguration, a small Episcopal log chapel in Grand Teton National Park, beneath the towering Tetons near Jackson, Wyoming. The chapel was sited and built to frame a view of the Cathedral Group of peaks in a large window behind the altar.

Following a long-standing tradition, worshipers were asked to introduce themselves.

When his turn arrived, Carter rose and remarked, "I'm Jimmy Carter from Plains, Georgia, but I'm living for a while in Washington, D.C."

Chapel of the Transfiguration, Grand Teon National Park


"Polls may show that the public is forgiving Teddy Kennedy for Chappaquiddick [where Kennedy left the scene after his car drove off a bridge, killing Mary Jo Kopechne]," People magazine reported in 1978, "but his fellow politicians apparently have not forgotten. Massachusetts Governor Mike Dukakis [a Carter supporter] was asked at a press conference whether he thought Kennedy's appearance at the national governors' convention in Boston was a first step toward a presidential bid. Dukakis responded, 'We'll look at that bridge'—and then smothered his face with his hand."


Don Rickles once observed Sinatra entering the room in the middle of his act. "Come right in, Frankie," said Rickles from the stage. "Make yourself at home—hit somebody."


Singer Tom Jones, whose fans were famous for throwing undergarments at him on the stage, once appeared as a guest on Michael Parkinson's talk show, Parkinson.

"His agent came to us and said, on the threat of death, 'You must not throw knickers at him, at all,'" Parkinson later recalled. "I was in charge of not throwing knickers." Parkinson did his duty swimmingly, until he made the mistake of telling Jones' fellow guest, comedienne Dawn French, about the ban. "Of course, he was covered in large bloomers."

"I think I had about 12 pairs on," French recalled. "I was just peeling them off and throwing them..."


Simon Cowell briefly worked as a runner in Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining. He polished Jack Nicholson’s axe.


Saturday, July 2, 2022






This new series was intended to start with a short look at a crime involving one of America's heroes of the time but ended up growing into something more detailed. 


Charles Lindbergh

Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) was an American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, and activist who, at the age of 25 in 1927, achieved world fame by making the first nonstop flight from New York City to Paris in his plane The Spirit of St Louis. Though the first non-stop transatlantic flight had been completed eight years earlier, this was the first solo transatlantic flight, the first transatlantic flight between two major city hubs, and the longest transatlantic flight by almost 2,000 miles.

Anne Morrow Lindbergh

Anne Lindbergh (1906 – 2001) was an American writer and aviator, the wife of Charles Lindbergh who she had married in 1929. In 1930 she became the first woman to receive a U.S. glider pilot license and throughout the early 1930s, she served as radio operator and copilot to Charles on multiple exploratory flights and aerial surveys.

Charles Lindbergh Jnr

The first child of Charles and Anne, he was born on Anne's 24th birthday, June 22, 1930. The Lindberghs had five more children.

Mugshot taken of Richard Hauptmann, taken following his arrest.

Bruno Hauptmann (1899 – 1936) was born in Germany and had entered the US by stowing away on an ocean liner. After serving in WW1 and before entry to the US, Hauptmann and a friend robbed two women wheeling baby carriages they were using to transport food. The friend wielded Hauptmann's army pistol during the commission of this crime. Hauptmann's other charges include burglarizing a mayor's house with the use of a ladder. Released after three years in prison, he was arrested three months later on suspicion of additional burglaries. Landing in New York City in 1923, the 24-year-old Hauptmann was taken in by a member of the established German community and worked as a carpenter.

Anna Hauptmann, wife of Bruno Hauptmann

Anna Hauptmann (1898–1994) was the German-born American wife of Bruno Hauptmann. She came to the US in 1923, married Bruno and together they had a son, Manfred. For almost 6 decades after Bruno’s death she fought to clear husband's name in what was called by contemporaries "the crime of the century." By the time of her death, some doubts about his guilt had been raised by a number of well-researched and soberly argued books.

Dr. John F. Condon, aka Jafsie.

Condon was a well-known Bronx personality and retired school teacher.


On March 1, 1932, baby Charles Lindbergh Jnr, then 20 months old, was abducted from the crib in the upper floor of the Lindberghs' home in New Jersey.

At approximately 10.00pm the Lindberghs’ nurse, Betty Gow, found that Charles was not with his mother, who had just come out of the bathtub. Gow then alerted Charles Lindbergh, who immediately went to the child's room, where he found a ransom note, containing bad handwriting and grammar, in an envelope on the windowsill. Taking a gun, Lindbergh went around the house and grounds with family butler, Olly Whateley; they found impressions in the ground under the window of the baby's room, pieces of a wooden ladder, and a baby's blanket. Whateley telephoned the Hopewell police department while Lindbergh contacted his attorney and friend, Henry Breckinridge, and the New Jersey state police.

The house and ladder

The ransom note.

It reads:
Dear Sir!

Have 50.000$ redy 25 000$ in 20$ bills 15000$ in 10$ bills and 10000$ in 5$ bills After 2–4 days we will inform you were to deliver the mony. We warn you for making anyding public or for notify the Police the child is in gut care. Indication for all letters are Singnature and 3 hohls.

At the bottom of the note were two interconnected blue circles surrounding a red circle, with a hole punched through the red circle and two more holes to the left and right.


Results and conclusions of police investigations:

No usable fingerprints or footprints were found, leading experts to conclude that the kidnapper(s) wore gloves and had some type of cloth on the soles of their shoes.

Handwriting experts concluded that the ransom note had been written entirely by the same person.

Also that due to the odd English, the writer must have been German and had spent some, but little time in America.

The ladder was not built correctly but was built by someone who knew how to construct with wood and had prior experience in building.

The FBI did not have Federal jurisdiction (that was changed by legislation later) but took over the investigation on May 13, 1932 as a result of the US President’s direction.

Hundreds of civilians converged on the Lindbergh property to assist in investigations, trampling on any footprints. Military leaders offered to assist, as did members of the underworld. Even Al Capone offered to help in getting the baby back in return for being released from prison, but this was refused.

New Jersey officials announced a $25,000 reward for the safe return of "Little Lindy". The Lindbergh family offered an additional $50,000 reward of their own. At this time, the total reward of $75,000 (approximately equivalent to $1,186,000 in 2020) was a tremendous sum of money, because the nation was in the midst of the Great Depression.

On March 6, a new ransom letter arrived by mail at the Lindbergh home. The letter was postmarked March 4 in Brooklyn, and it carried the perforated red and blue marks. The ransom had been raised to $70,000. A third ransom note postmarked from Brooklyn told the Lindberghs that one John Condon should be the intermediary between the Lindberghs and the kidnapper(s), and requested notification in a newspaper that the third note had been received. Instructions specified the size of the box the money should come in, and warned the family not to contact the police.

Condon offered $1,000 if the kidnapper would turn the child over to a Catholic priest. Condon received a letter reportedly written by the kidnappers; it authorized Condon to be their intermediary with Lindbergh. Lindbergh accepted the letter as genuine.

Following the kidnapper's latest instructions, Condon placed a classified ad in the New York American reading: "Money is Ready. Jafsie " Condon then waited for further instructions from the culprits.

A meeting between "Jafsie" and a representative of the group that claimed to be the kidnappers was eventually scheduled for late one evening at Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx. According to Condon, the man sounded foreign but stayed in the shadows during the conversation, and Condon was thus unable to get a close look at his face. The man said his name was John, and he related his story: He was a "Scandinavian" sailor, part of a gang of three men and two women. The baby was being held on a boat, unharmed, but would be returned only for ransom. When Condon expressed doubt that "John" actually had the baby, he promised some proof: the kidnapper would soon return the baby's sleeping suit. The stranger asked Condon, "... would I 'burn'[a] if the package[b] were dead?" When questioned further, he assured Condon that the baby was alive.

On March 16, Condon received a toddler's sleeping suit by mail, and a seventh ransom note. After Lindbergh identified the sleeping suit, Condon placed a new ad in the Home News: "Money is ready. No cops. No secret service. I come alone, like last time." On April 1 Condon received a letter saying it was time for the ransom to be delivered.


The ransom was packaged in a wooden box that was custom-made in the hope that it could later be identified. The ransom money included a number of gold certificates; since gold certificates were about to be withdrawn from circulation, it was hoped greater attention would be drawn to anyone spending them. The bills were not marked but their serial numbers were recorded.

On April 2, Condon was given a note by an intermediary, an unknown cab driver. Condon met "John" and told him that they had been able to raise only $50,000. The man accepted the money and gave Condon a note saying that the child was in the care of two innocent women.


On May 12, delivery truck driver Orville Wilson and his assistant William Allen pulled to the side of a road about 4.5 miles (7.2 km) south of the Lindbergh home for Allen to urinate. Allen went into a grove of trees and discovered the body of a toddler. The skull was badly fractured and the body decomposed, with evidence of scavenging by animals; there were indications of an attempt at a hasty burial.

The Lindberghs’ nurse Betty Gow identified the baby as the missing infant from the overlapping toes of the right foot and a shirt that she had made. It appeared the child had been killed by a blow to the head. Lindbergh insisted on cremation.

In June 1932, officials began to suspect that the crime had been perpetrated by someone the Lindberghs knew.

Condon was questioned by police and his home searched, but nothing suggestive was found. Charles Lindbergh stood by Condon during this time, even though his actions were sometimes bizarre, such as conducting hios own investigations, foot pursuits of those he deemed suspects and appearance in a vaudeville act regarding the kidnapping.

With investigation of suspects at a standstill, police turned their attention to tracking the ransom payments. A few of the ransom bills. Identified by serial numbers, appeared in scattered locations, some as far away as Chicago and Minneapolis, but those spending the bills were never found.

In late April a man brought $2,980 worth of gold certificates to a Manhattan bank for exchange; it was later realized the bills were from the ransom. He had given his name as J. J. Faulkner of 537 West 149th Street. No one named Faulkner lived at that address, and a Jane Faulkner who had lived there 20 years earlier denied involvement.


During a thirty-month period, further ransom bills were spent throughout New York City and detectives determined that many of the bills were being spent along the route which connected the Bronx with the east side of Manhattan, including the German-Austrian neighbourhood of Yorkville.

On September 18, 1934, a Manhattan bank teller noticed a gold certificate from the ransom; a New York license plate number (4U-13-41-N.Y) pencilled in the bill's margin allowed it to be traced to a nearby gas station. The station manager had written down the license number because his customer was acting "suspicious" and was "possibly a counterfeiter". The license plate belonged to a sedan owned by Richard Hauptmann. (Hauptmann never used his name “Bruno” but all documents and reporting proceeded under that name).

When Hauptmann was arrested, he was carrying a single 20-dollar gold certificate and over $14,000 of the ransom money was found in his garage.

Hauptmann was arrested, interrogated, and beaten at least once throughout the following day and night. Hauptmann stated that the money and other items had been left with him by his friend and former business partner Isidor Fisch. Fisch had died on March 29, 1934, shortly after returning to Germany. Hauptmann stated he learned only after Fisch's death that the shoebox that was left with him contained a considerable sum of money. He kept the money because he claimed that it was owed to him from a business deal that he and Fisch had made. Hauptmann consistently denied any connection to the crime or knowledge that the money in his house was from the ransom.

When the police searched Hauptmann's home, they found a considerable amount of additional evidence that linked him to the crime. One item was a notebook that contained a sketch of the construction of a ladder similar to that which was found at the Lindbergh home in March 1932. John Condon's telephone number, along with his address, were discovered written on a closet wall in the house. A key piece of evidence, a section of wood, was discovered in the attic of the home. After being examined by an expert, it was determined to be an exact match to the wood used in the construction of the ladder found at the scene of the crime.

Hauptmann was indicted in the Bronx on September 24, 1934, for extorting the $50,000 ransom from Charles Lindbergh. Two weeks later, on October 8, Hauptmann was indicted in New Jersey for the murder of Charles Augustus Lindbergh Jr.


Hauptmann was charged with capital murder. The trial was held at the Hunterdon County Courthouse in Flemington, New Jersey, and was soon dubbed the "Trial of the Century". Reporters swarmed the town, and every hotel room was booked. Judge Thomas Whitaker Trenchard presided over the trial.

In exchange for rights to publish Hauptmann's story in their newspaper, Edward J. Reilly was hired by the New York Daily Mirror to serve as Hauptmann's attorney. David T. Wilentz, Attorney General of New Jersey, led the prosecution.

Evidence against Hauptmann included $20,000 of the ransom money found in his garage and testimony alleging that his handwriting and spelling were similar to those of the ransom notes. Eight handwriting experts pointed out similarities between the ransom notes and Hauptmann's writing specimens. The defence called an expert to rebut this evidence, while two others declined to testify; the latter two demanded $500 before looking at the notes and were dismissed when Lloyd Fisher, a member of Hauptmann's legal team, declined. Other experts retained by the defence were never called to testify.

On the basis of the work of Arthur Koehler at the Forest Products Laboratory, the State introduced photographs demonstrating that part of the wood from the ladder matched a plank from the floor of Hauptmann's attic: the type of wood, the direction of tree growth, the milling pattern, the inside and outside surface of the wood, and the grain on both sides were identical, and four oddly placed nail holes lined up with nail holes in joists in Hauptmann's attic. Condon's address and telephone number were written in pencil on a closet door in Hauptmann's home, and Hauptmann told police that he had written Condon's address:
I must have read it in the paper about the story. I was a little bit interested and keep a little bit record of it, and maybe I was just on the closet, and was reading the paper and put it down the address ... I can't give you any explanation about the telephone number.
A sketch that Wilentz suggested represented a ladder was found in one of Hauptmann's notebooks. Hauptmann said this picture and other sketches therein were the work of a child.

Despite not having an obvious source of earned income, Hauptmann had bought a $400 radio (approximately equivalent $8,100 in 2021) and sent his wife on a trip to Germany.

Hauptmann was identified as the man to whom the ransom money was delivered. Other witnesses testified that it was Hauptmann who had spent some of the Lindbergh gold certificates; that he had been seen in the area of the estate, in East Amwell, New Jersey, near Hopewell, on the day of the kidnapping; and that he had been absent from work on the day of the ransom payment and had quit his job two days later. Hauptmann never sought another job afterward, yet continued to live comfortably.

When the prosecution rested its case, the defence opened with a lengthy examination of Hauptmann. In his testimony, Hauptmann denied being guilty, insisting that the box of gold certificates had been left in his garage by a friend, Isidor Fisch, who had returned to Germany in December 1933 and died there in March 1934. Hauptmann said that he had one day found a shoe box left behind by Fisch, which Hauptmann had stored on the top shelf of his kitchen broom closet, later discovering the money, which he later found to be almost $40,000 (approximately equivalent to $617,000 in 2020). Hauptmann said that, because Fisch had owed him about $7,500 in business funds, Hauptmann had kept the money for himself and had lived on it since January 1934.

The defence called Hauptmann's wife, Anna, to corroborate the Fisch story. On cross-examination, she admitted that while she hung her apron every day on a hook higher than the top shelf, she could not remember seeing any shoe box there. Later, rebuttal witnesses testified that Fisch could not have been at the scene of the crime, and that he had no money for medical treatments when he died of tuberculosis. Fisch's landlady testified that he could barely afford the $3.50 weekly rent of his room.

In his closing summation, Reilly argued that the evidence against Hauptmann was entirely circumstantial, because no reliable witness had placed Hauptmann at the scene of the crime, nor were his fingerprints found on the ladder, on the ransom notes, or anywhere in the nursery.


Hauptmann was convicted and immediately sentenced to death.

His attorneys appealed to the New Jersey Court of Errors and Appeals, which at the time was the state's highest court; the appeal was argued on June 29, 1935.

New Jersey Governor Harold G. Hoffman secretly visited Hauptmann in his cell on the evening of October 16, accompanied by a stenographer who spoke German fluently. Hoffman urged members of the Court of Errors and Appeals to visit Hauptmann.

In late January 1936, while declaring that he held no position on the guilt or innocence of Hauptmann, Hoffman cited evidence that the crime was not a "one person" job and directed to continue a thorough and impartial investigation in an effort to bring all parties involved to justice.

It became known among the press that on March 27, Hoffman was considering a second reprieve of Hauptmann's death sentence and was seeking opinions about whether the governor had the right to issue a second reprieve.

On March 30, 1936, Hauptmann's second and final appeal asking for clemency from the New Jersey Board of Pardons was denied.


Hauptmann turned down a large offer from a Hearst newspaper for a confession and refused a last-minute offer to commute his sentence from the death penalty to life without parole in exchange for a confession.

He was electrocuted on April 3, 1936.


After his death, some reporters and independent investigators came up with numerous questions about the way in which the investigation had been run and the fairness of the trial, including witness tampering and planted evidence. 

Twice in the 1980s, Anna Hauptmann sued the state of New Jersey for the unjust execution of her husband. The suits were dismissed due to prosecutorial immunity and because the statute of limitations had run out. She continued fighting to clear his name until her death, at age 95, in 1994.


A number of books have asserted Hauptmann's innocence, generally highlighting inadequate police work at the crime scene, Lindbergh's interference in the investigation, the ineffectiveness of Hauptmann's counsel, and weaknesses in the witnesses and physical evidence. Ludovic Kennedy, in particular, questioned much of the evidence, such as the origin of the ladder and the testimony of many of the witnesses.

According to author Lloyd Gardner, a fingerprint expert, Erastus Mead Hudson, applied the then-rare silver nitrate fingerprint process to the ladder and did not find Hauptmann's fingerprints, even in places that the maker of the ladder must have touched. According to Gardner, officials refused to consider this expert's findings, and the ladder was then washed of all fingerprints.

Jim Fisher, a former FBI agent and professor at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania, has written two books, The Lindbergh Case (1987) and The Ghosts of Hopewell (1999), addressing what he calls a "revision movement" regarding the case. He summarises:
Today, the Lindbergh phenomena [sic] is a giant hoax perpetrated by people who are taking advantage of an uninformed and cynical public. Notwithstanding all of the books, TV programs, and legal suits, Hauptmann is as guilty today as he was in 1932 when he kidnapped and killed the son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lindbergh.
Another book, Hauptmann's Ladder: A step-by-step analysis of the Lindbergh kidnapping by Richard T. Cahill Jr., concludes that Hauptmann was guilty but questions whether he should have been executed.

According to John Reisinger in Master Detective, New Jersey detective Ellis Parker conducted an independent investigation in 1936 and obtained a signed confession from former Trenton attorney Paul Wendel, creating a sensation and resulting in a temporary stay of execution for Hauptmann. The case against Wendel collapsed, however, when he insisted his confession had been coerced.

Several people have suggested that Charles Lindbergh was responsible for the kidnapping. In 2010, Jim Bahm's Beneath the Winter Sycamores implied that the baby was physically disabled and Lindbergh arranged the kidnapping as a way of secretly moving the baby to be raised in Germany.

Another theory is Lindbergh accidentally killed his son in a prank gone wrong. In Crime of the Century: The Lindbergh Kidnapping Hoax, criminal defence attorney Gregory Ahlgren posits Lindbergh climbed a ladder and brought his son out of a window, but dropped the child, killing him, so hid the body in the woods, then covered up the crime by blaming Hauptmann.

Robert Zorn's 2012 book Cemetery John proposes that Hauptmann was part of a conspiracy with two other German-born men, John and Walter Knoll. Zorn's father, economist Eugene Zorn, believed that as a teenager he had witnessed the conspiracy being discussed.

Friday, July 1, 2022



Alternative version:



Q: How far can you go into a forest?
A: Halfway, then you're going out of it.

We're halfway through the year today, readers, on the approach to Christmas and 2023.

Enjoy EOFY end and Funny Friday.

Caution, as usual: risque content ahead.



What are the magic words you say to get what you want?

I'm offended

Size of matter in descending order.
x on a mobile ad

I was at the bar last night and the waitress screamed... "Anyone know CPR?"

I said hell, I know the entire alphabet.

Everyone laughed... Well everyone except this one guy.

One night a wife found her husband standing over their baby's crib. Silently she watched him. As he stood looking down at the sleeping infant, she saw on his face a mixture of emotions: disbelief, doubt, delight, amazement, enchantment, skepticism. Touched by this unusual display and the deep emotions it aroused, with eyes glistening she slipped her arm around her husband. "A penny for your thoughts," she said. "It's amazing! " he replied. "I just can't see how anybody can make a crib like that for only $146.50. "

Two clowns are eating a cannibal...

One turns to the other and says, "I think we got this joke wrong."

Dave and Jim were a couple of drinking buddies who worked as aircraft mechanics in Melbourne, Australia. One day the airport was fogged in and they were stuck in the hangar with nothing to do. Dave said, 'Man, I wish we had something to drink!' Jim says, 'Me too. Y'know, I've heard you can drink jet fuel and get a buzz. You wanna try it?'

So they pour themselves a couple of glasses of high octane booze and get completely smashed.

The next morning Dave wakes up and is surprised at how good he feels. In fact he feels GREAT! NO hangover! NO bad side effects. Nothing!

Then the phone rings. It's Jim. Jim says, 'Hey, how do you feel this morning?' Dave says, 'I feel great, how about you?' Jim says, 'I feel great, too. You don't have a hangover?' Dave says, 'No that jet fuel is great stuff, no hangover, nothing. We ought to do this more often..'

'Yeah, well there's just one thing.'

'What's that?'

'Have you farted yet?'


'Well, DON'T - cause I'm in New Zealand '

A wife sent a message to her husband: “Don’t forget to buy vegetables on your way back from the office, and Priscilla says hi to you.”

Husband: Who is Priscilla?

Wife: Nobody, I was just making sure you read my message.

Husband: But I’m with Priscilla right now, so which Priscilla are you talking about?

Wife: Where are you??

Husband: Near the vegetable market.

Wife: Wait I’m coming there right now...

After 10 minutes she texts her husband, “Where are you?”

Husband: I’m at the office. Now that you are at the market, buy whatever vegetables you need.


(Reposted for Tom C, who quoted the punchline back at me in a text message conversation to make a point) . . .

Sophia just got married, and being a traditional Italian was still a virgin. On her wedding night, staying at her mother's house, she was nervous. But mother reassured her. "Don't worry, Sophia. Luigi's a good man. Go upstairs, and he'll take care of you."

So up she went. When she got upstairs, Luigi took off his shirt and exposed his hairy chest. Sophia ran downstairs to her mother and says, "Mama, Mama, Luigi's got a big hairy chest."

"Don't worry, Sophia", says the mother, "All good men have hairy chests. Go upstairs. He'll take good care of you."

So, up she went again. When she got up in the bedroom, Luigi took off his pants exposing his hairy legs. Again Sophia ran downstairs to her mother. "Mama, Mama, Luigi took off his pants, and he's got hairy legs!"

"Don't worry. All good men have hairy legs. Luigi's a good man. Go upstairs, and he'll take good care of you."

So, up she went again. When she got up there, Luigi took off his socks, and on his left foot he was missing three toes. When Sophia saw this, she ran downstairs. "Mama, Mama, Luigi's got a foot and a half!"

"Stay here and stir the pasta", says the mother. "This is a job for Mama!"



My good lady does not appreciate the quality and mirth inherent in a bawdy limerick, although she does smile at the witty and clever ones.

I was going to include the limerick below in a previous Funny Friday but fell foul of Kate’s disapproval, so if you see my wife, don’t recite the limerick to her or tell her that I posted it. . . 

When Lady Penelope swoons,
Her tits pop out like balloons.
Parker stands by,
With a gleam in his eye,
And pops them back in with warm spoons.
Kate’s particular objection was to the vulgarism for breasts, but that segues into a posting of another limerick, a well-known classic . . .

On a maiden a man once begat
Triplets named Nat, Tat and Pat.
'Twas fun in the breeding
But hell in the feeding.
She hadn't a spare tit for Tat.





The above Vault joke gives rise to another . . .

A woman goes into see her doctor and says to him “Ever since my husband had an accident and lost all of his toes on his left foot I feel sick when I am around him ". “Ahh,” said the doctor, “I know what the problem is, you are lack toes intolerant.”

Getting a sex change isn't that complicated.
Little bit of snipping.
Little bit of stitching.
And Bob's your aunt.

A blonde walks into a library and says to the librarian, "The book I borrowed last week was just awful. It had absolutely no plot, and the vocabulary was too complex!"

The librarian calls into the back room, "Hey, we found the lady who took our dictionary!"

One night I had a vision that I was on stage with REM performing “Losing My Religion”

But that was just a dream. Just a dream…


Thursday, June 30, 2022





Two items came to my attention within the last couple of days concerning the Nazis and persons aged 101 years.

Now an anvil does not need to fall on my head to draw my attention to something that is somewhat unusual. I don’t know what the significance is or why two such stories within a couple of days of each other happened but it is worthy of a Bytes post . . .


The first is a story from the Smithsonian Magazine, the link to that article being:

An article about the story can also be found in the Daily Mail at:

The following is the Daily Mail article:

101-year-old former Dutch resistance fighter is reunited with £50,000 painting... 78 years after it was looted from her father by the Nazis in WWII

A 101-year-old woman has been reunited with a painting that was looted from her father by the Nazis during the Second World War – but is now selling it so her family can benefit. Charlotte Bischoff van Heemskerck, who was a member of the Dutch resistance during the war, had given up hope of ever seeing the 1683 painting again.

By Dutch master Caspar Netscher, it depicts seated man Steven Wolters and had hung in Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck's home in Arnhem in the Netherlands.

Her father, Joan Hendrik Smidt van Gelder, a doctor who was in charge of the city's children's hospital, went into hiding after refusing to follow the orders of the Nazis.He stored the painting, along with 13 others, in a bank vault in Arnhem, believing it would be safe from the Nazis' clutches. The paintings remained hidden for four years after the Nazis' invasion of the Netherlands in 1940. But in 1944, after the failed Operation Market Garden attempt by Britain and Allied forces to re-take Arnhem, the Nazis looted the city and stole the paintings.

Detective work by the London-based Commission for Looted Art in Europe tracked the Netscher painting down at the end of last year and returned it to Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck. She is now selling the painting so her 'heirs' can enjoy the proceeds. It has been given an upper estimate of £50,000 by auction house Sotheby's, with whom it is being sold on July 7.

Ms Charlotte Bischoff van Heemskerck points to the art work in her home.

By Dutch master Caspar Netscher, the painting depicts seated man Steven Wolters and had hung in Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck's home in Arnhem in the Netherlands

The Commission for Looted Art found that the painting had surfaced at a Düsseldorf gallery in the mid-1950s. It was then auctioned in Amsterdam in 1969 and bought by a private Germany-based collector. The collector agreed to return the painting to Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck last year. Her father died in 1969 with no knowledge of what had happened to the painting. Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck was reunited with the painting last November and, after six months with the painting back in her hands, she is selling it. Speaking on BBC Radio 4 about the rediscovery, Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck said: 'I was flabbergasted to have it back, you can understand.' She added: 'I really felt moved because it was such a beautiful painting… I was very happy when I saw it back.

Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck on her wedding day

The painting was returned to Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck last year. Above: The moment she saw the painting for the first time in more than 80 years

Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck joined the Dutch resistance after the family's paintings had been taken, whilst her father went into hiding. The family's other paintings were also sold off. Previous detective work by Anne Webber, the founder of the Commission for Looted Art, discovered one – Jacob Oschtervelt's The Oyster Meal – in 2017. It had ended up in the collection of the lord mayor of London at Mansion House. It was returned to Ms Bischoff van Heemskerck in 2017.


The other item is from news.com at:

101-year-old ex-Nazi guard sentenced for aiding 3,500 murders
June 28, 2022

A 101-year-old former Nazi concentration camp guard was convicted in Germany Tuesday of more than 3,500 counts of accessory to murder — becoming the oldest person to date to be held accountable for crimes related to the Holocaust. The Neuruppin Regional Court sentenced Josef Schütz to five years in prison, although he is unlikely to serve any time behind bars because of his poor health, advanced age and a lengthy appeals process.

Schütz had denied working as a Schutzstaffel guard at the Sachsenhausen camp and aiding and abetting the murder of 3,518 prisoners. In the trial, which opened in October, the centenarian said that he had worked as a farm laborer near Pasewalk in northeastern Germany during the period in question and never wore a German uniform. However, the court considered it proven that starting at age 21, he worked at the camp on the outskirts of Berlin between 1942 and 1945 as an enlisted member of the Nazi Party’s paramilitary wing, the German news agency dpa reported.

“The court has come to the conclusion that, contrary to what you claim, you worked in the concentration camp as a guard for about three years,” presiding Judge Udo Lechtermann said, according to dpa. He added that, in doing so, the defendant had assisted in the Nazis’ terror and murder mechanism. “You willingly supported this mass extermination with your activity,” Lechtermann said. “You watched deported people being cruelly tortured and murdered there every day for three years.”

And it’s a very important thing because it gives closure to the relatives of the victims,” Zuroff added. “The fact that these people all of a sudden feel that their loss is being addressed and the suffering of their family who they lost in the camps is being addressed … is a very important thing.”

Sachsenhausen was established in 1936 just north of Berlin as the first new site after Adolf Hitler gave the SS full control of the Nazi concentration camp system. More than 200,000 people were held there between 1936 and 1945. Tens of thousands of inmates died of starvation, disease, forced labor and other causes, as well as through medical experiments and systematic SS extermination operations including shootings, hangings and gassing with Zyklon-B. Exact numbers on those killed vary, with upper estimates of some 100,000, though scholars suggest figures of 40,000 to 50,000 are likely more accurate.

In its early years, most inmates were either political prisoners or criminal convicts, but they also included some Jehovah’s Witnesses and homosexuals. The first large group of Jewish prisoners was brought there in 1938 after the so-called Night of Broken Glass, or Kristallnacht, an anti-Semitic pogrom. During the war, Sachsenhausen was expanded to include Soviet prisoners of war — who were shot by the thousands — as well as others. As in other camps, Jewish prisoners were singled out at Sachsenhausen for particularly harsh treatment, and most who remained alive by 1942 were sent to the Auschwitz death camp.

Former Nazi concentration camp guard Josef Schütz, 101, hides his face behind a folder in a German court Tuesday, before he was convicted of more than 3,500 counts of accessory to murder.