A furphy, meaning a rumour or false story or report, originates from the water cart first developed by Joseph Furphy, above, (1843-1912). Furphy, a blacksmith and engineer, set up his foundry business in 1864. It eventually became J Furphy & Sons and continues to the present day, still family owned and now fifth generation. Its present day logo is based on the water cart:
The business was associated with the manufacture of farming equipment, the most famous being the galvanised iron water cart used to transport water in rural areas. Developed in about 1878, there was no similar item in Australia or overseas.
Interestingly, before 1895, the cart ends carried only the name” Furphy”. After that date the ends carried a list of Furphy products and the verse:
“Good, better, bestNever let it restTill your good is betterAnd your better best”
Attributable originally to St Jerome (347 – 420), the verse was also adopted later by Telstra as an advertising jingle.
In 1920 John's son, William added a Pitman's shorthand inscription which reads "Water is the gift of God, but beer is a concoction of the devil, don't drink beer." In 1942 this was changed to "Water is the gift of God, but beer and whisky are concoctions of the devil, come and have a drink of water.”
The Australian government provided Furphy water carts in military camps in Australia and overseas during the First World War, with the drivers of the carts being notorious sources of information and gossip as they moved from camp to camp. Men gathered around the water carts to swap stories and pass on rumours, much as is done today around office water coolers, thereby giving rise to the term “furphy” for such rumours and suspect information.
It is interesting to note that the term “scuttlebutt”, an Americanism that has the same meaning, has a similar derivation. In nautical terminology a butt was a cask for storing water on board ship. It was scuttled by making a hole in it to enable water to be withdrawn. When sailors gathered at the scuttlebutt for a drink they exchanged gossip and rumours, eventually giving rise to the name of scuttlebutt for the rumours and information itself.